A Guide to Cannabis Product Types

As cannabis becomes more mainstream, the variety of products offered increases at a remarkable rate. If you’re getting into cannabis, picking the right product can seem daunting. However, consumers need to understand what makes each product type unique to recognize what works best for them.

This guide will cover the various types of cannabis products and explain each one and its benefits.

Cannabis Flower

The most traditional form of cannabis, flower, is dried and cured marijuana buds. It can be smoked or vaporized.

Flower is prized for its high THC content, making it an excellent choice for medical marijuana patients. In addition, there are potential medical benefits for smoking flower that occur quickly, including symptom relief for epilepsy, pain, inflammation, and more.


Edibles are food items infused with cannabis extract. They come in many different varieties, from brownies to gummy bears, and can be eaten or used as an ingredient in other recipes.

Edibles are a considerable choice for those who want to enjoy the benefits of cannabis without smoking. However, the effects of edibles can take anywhere from 30 minutes to an hour to take effect. As such, don’t eat more until you know how your first serving has affected you. Edibles affect everyone differently, and too much of an edible can lead to an overly intense experience.

Cannabis Concentrates

Concentrates are a relatively new cannabis product. They are made by extracting THC and other cannabinoids from the plant material. This can be done using a solvent like alcohol or CO2 or solvents like butane or propane.

Concentrates come in many different forms, including shatter, wax, oil, and hash. They can be very potent, with THC content well above 50%. Concentrates are a popular choice for those looking to use cannabis as a medication because they’re easy to consume, and the effects last longer.


Topicals are cannabis-infused lotions and balms that produce localized effects without any psychoactive high. Topicals affect the nerve endings under the skin. They do not enter the bloodstream, making them an excellent option for those looking to treat pain and other medical condition without concern of any intoxicating effects.

As with edibles, you should wait at least 30 minutes before applying more topicals to see how they affect you. Never exceed recommended doses as they could lead to an unpleasant experience.


Tinctures are cannabis-infused liquids that are applied with droppers under the tongue. Tinctures can be an easy way to enjoy the medical benefits of cannabis without smoking or vaporizing.

Like other concentrates, tinctures offer a potent dose of THC and CBD. However, tincture effects are noticeable more quickly than with edibles. The side effects will also go away faster than with edibles, making it easier to control the duration of your experience.


When choosing the right product for you, experimentation is key. There’s something for everyone, with so many different types of cannabis products. Start with one kind of product and work your way up as you become more familiar with the effects of cannabis.